Plaintiffs were victorious in a recent Section 1983 Case in which they sought to make a major urban police department stop engaging in an unconstitutional stop and frisk policy.
In the case, Ligon v. City of New York, a federal judge enjoined the NYPD from continuing with its stop and frisk policy dubbed "Operation Clean Halls." Far from cleaning anything, the judge recognized that the policy just dirtied the waters of fair and constitutional policing.
Through Operation Clean Halls, cops were targeting Black and Hispanic men and women for investigative detentions ("stop and frisk" detentions) based on alleged trespass outside certain buildings in the Bronx.
But the problem was, no reasonable suspicion existed that the stop and frisk victims were engaged in trespass or any criminal conduct that would justify reasonable suspicion for a stop. To make matters worse (and even more absurd), many of the stop and frisk victims actually lived in the very buildings they were allegedly trespassing!
Ligon v. City of New York was a Section 1983 case involving Monell libaility, which allows municipalities to be held responsible for unconstitutional conduct under certain circumstances.
"In sum," the Court wrote, "while it may be difficult to say where, precisely, to draw the line between constitutional and unconstitutional police encounters, such a line exists, and the NYPD has systematically crossed it when making trespass stops outside TAP buildings in the Bronx."